The total cow population consists of different dairy breed cows. Mostly there are Latvian Brown breed cows,- 39 % of the total number of cows. Other breeds are Holstein, Swedish red, Danish red, Brown Swiss and Latvian blue breed cows. Cows of Latvian Brown breed belong to the group of Red breeds. Genetically close are German red and Danish red breed cows.
For more than 100 years the best sire semen and live bulls of these breeds have been used to Latvian Brown breed cows. Average size of these cows reaches 550 kg of live weight. Productivity ranges from 5500 kg to 14000 kg per lactation. Latvian Brown breed cows are characteristic for well-developed body conformation, especially strong feet and legs. Future objectives are to reach economic profitably and to develop healthy cows with high durability and high productivity.
Breeding strategy the population of Latvian Brown breed cows is open for genetic impacts of other best red breeds.